Traits

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Traits represent a character's personality, abilities and physical characteristics. They affect a variety of areas, everything from attributes to relations. Additionally, most traits are tied to certain events occurring or affect which options are available in events. Because of the many bonuses traits provide (or maluses they may inflict), paying attention to obtaining the right traits is essential for a good ruler.

Many traits are opposites or different levels of the same characteristic, and hence can not both be held at once: a character who is Slow can obviously not be a Genius, but they can not be Quick either, for Genius is an improved version of Quick.

Education traits[edit]

Each character gets a single education trait upon becoming an adult and dependent on the child's education. They are generally based on the education of their guardian, though there is some random variation. The higher-level military educations also grant leadership traits. Military educations can improve to the next level by a random battlefield event, but the others are fixed.

ID Diplomacy Martial Stewardship Intrigue Learning Health Fertility Other
Amateurish plotter.png Amateurish Plotter 1 -1 1
Flamboyant schemer.png Flamboyant Schemer 2 -1 3
Intricate webweaver.png Intricate Webweaver 3 1 1 -1 6
Elusive shadow.png Elusive Shadow 4 2 2 -1 9
Naive appeaser.png Naive Appeaser 5 1 -1
Underhanded rogue.png Underhanded Rogue 6 3 -1 +5%
Charismatic negotiator.png Charismatic Negotiator 7 6 -1 1 1 +5%
Grey eminence.png Grey Eminence 8 9 -1 2 2 +10%
Indulgent wastrel.png Indulgent Wastrel 9 -1 1
Thrifty clerk.png Thrifty Clerk 10 -1 3 +5%
Fortune builder.png Fortune Builder 11 -1 1 6 1 +10%
Midas touched.png Midas Touched 12 -1 2 9 2 +15%
Misguided warrior.png Misguided Warrior 13 1 -1 +0.5
Tough soldier.png Tough Soldier 14 3 -1 +0.5
Skilled tactician.png Skilled Tactician 15 6 1 1 -1 +0.5
Brilliant strategist.png Brilliant Strategist 16 9 2 2 -1 +0.5 +1 Leadership traits
Detached priest.png Detached Priest 17 -1 1
Martial cleric.png Dutiful Cleric 18 -1 3 AI Zeal +10
Scholarly theologian.png Scholarly Theologian 19 1 1 -1 6 -5% AI Zeal +20
Mastermind theologian.png Mastermind Theologian 20 2 2 -1 9 -5% AI Zeal +30

You may notice that the Learning-related education traits have a cross in their icons. For characters of non-Christian religions this is replaced by a more appropriate symbol (crescent for Muslims, menorah for Jews, triquetra for pagans).

Health[edit]

Health-related traits are usually obtained through events or epidemics. Characters at court in a province being ravaged by an epidemic disease may randomly be stricken by it. The "Scarred" trait is obtained when Wounded character heals successfully. Great Pox, i.e. syphilis, can be transferred through sexual contact. The "Infirm" trait can only be obtained by event if the character in question is 50 or older.

ID Diplomacy Martial Stewardship Intrigue Learning Health Fertility Sex opinion Vassal opinion Other
Stressed.png Stressed 21 -1 -1 -1 -10%
Depressed.png Depressed 22 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -5% Lets you commit suicide through the decision panel
Lunatic.png Lunatic 23 -25 -25 +10 Opinion with other Lunatics

AI Rationality -50
Special events

Possessed.png Possessed 24 -25 +10 Opinion with other Possessed characters

AI Rationality -40
Special Events
Allows Religious Fervour

Ill.png Ill 25 -1 -2 -10%
Pneumonic.png Pneumonic 26 -2 -2 -2 -2 -2 -4 -50%
Syphilitic.png Syphilitic 27 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -2 -20% -30 Inherit Chance 10%
Leper.png Leper 28 -2 -2 -20% -50 -20
Wounded.png Wounded 29 -1 -1
Maimed.png Maimed 30 -2 -2 -15 +10 Opinion with other Maimed characters
Infirm.png Infirm 31 -3 -3 -3 -3 -3 -1 -30% AI Rationality -10
Incapable.png Incapable 32 -6 -6 -6 -6 -6 -3 -30% Character will need a regent
Drunkard.png Drunkard 33 -2 -5 AI Rationality -5
Tuberculosis.png Tuberculosis 34 -2
Typhoid fever.png Typhoid Fever 35 -3
Typhus.png Typhus 36 -3
Bubonic plague.png Bubonic Plague 37 -7
Measles.png Measles 38 -2
Smallpox.png Smallpox 39 -3
Syphilitic.png Aztec Disease 132 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -3 -20% -30 Sunset Invasion DLC
Scarred.png Scarred 121 +0.10 Prestige/Month
Sickly.png Sickly 144 -2.5 Babies can be born sickly. Will be removed between ages 2-6 if child lives.

Congenital[edit]

Congenital traits are randomly assigned at birth (although a few, like Stutter, may also be granted by childhood events). Parents have a (small) chance of passing these traits onto their children.

Good[edit]

ID code Diplomacy Martial Stewardship Intrigue Learning Health Fertility Sex opinion Vassal opinion At Birth Chance Inherit Chance Other
Attractive.png Attractive 53 fair +1 +30 1% 15% Opposite: ugly Ugly.png
Genius.png Genius 56 genius +5 +5 +5 +5 +5 +5 0.5% 15% AI Rationality +30. Opposites: imbecile Imbecile.png, slow Slow.png, quick Quick.png
Quick.png Quick 57 quick +3 +3 +3 +3 +3 1% 15% AI Rationality +15. Opposites: imbecile Imbecile.png, slow Slow.png, genius Genius.png

Allows Clever Ambush

Strong.png Strong 61 strong +1 +2 +2 +10% +10 +10 1% 15% Opposite: weak Weak.png

Bad[edit]

ID Diplomacy Martial Stewardship Intrigue Learning Health Fertility Sex opinion Vassal opinion At Birth chance Inherit chance Other
Clubfooted.png Clubfooted 48 -1 -10 0.5% 15% +5 Opinion with other Clubfooted characters
Harelip.png Harelip 49 -1 -10 0.5% 15% +5 Opinion with other Harelipped characters
Hunchback.png Hunchback 50 -1 -30 -5 0.5% 15% +5 Opinion with other Hunchbacked characters
Lisp.png Lisp 51 -1 -5 0.5% 15% +5 Opinion with other Lisping characters

Allows Confused Orders

Stutter.png Stutter 52 -1 0.5% 15% +5 Opinion with other Stuttering characters

Allows Confused Orders

Ugly.png Ugly 54 -1 -20 1% 10% Opposite: attractive Attractive.png
Dwarf.png Dwarf 55 -1 -30 0.25% 25% +10 Opinion with other Dwarfs
Slow.png Slow 58 -3 -3 -3 -3 -3 1% 15% AI Rationality -15. Opposites: imbecile Imbecile.png, quick Quick.png, genius Genius.png
Imbecile.png Imbecile 59 -8 -8 -8 -8 -8 -10 0.5% 15% AI Rationality -30. Opposites: slow Slow.png, quick Quick.png, genius Genius.png
Inbred.png Inbred 60 -5 -5 -5 -5 -5 -1.5 -30% -20 * 25% AI Rationality -20
Weak.png Weak 62 -1 -1 -5% -10 -10 1% 15% Opposite: strong Strong.png

Lifestyle[edit]

Lifestyle traits are given at the end of certain long event chains. Ordinarily, a character may only have one. Note that the Muslim-only trait Faqih also counts as a lifestyle.

ID Diplomacy Martial Stewardship Intrigue Learning Fertility Church opinion Other
Celibate.png Celibate 63 -1000% +10 +1 Piety/month

+20 Opinion with other Celibate characters
-10 Opinion towards Hedonists
AI Zeal +30

Hedonist.png Hedonist 64 +20% -10 -0.5 Piety/month

+20 Opinion with other Hedonists
-10 Opinion towards Celibate characters
AI Zeal -30

Scholar.png Scholar 65 +2 +20 Opinion with other Scholars
Gardener.png Gardener 66 +2 +20 Opinion with other Gardeners
Mystic.png Mystic 67 +1 +20 Opinion with other Mystics
Impaler.png Impaler 68 +1 +20 Opinion with other Impalers

AI Honor -15
Morale Offense +10%

Duelist.png Duelist 69 +1 +20 Opinion with other Duelists
Hunter.png Hunter 70 +1 +20 Opinion with other Hunters
Poet.png Poet 71 +1 +20 Opinion with other Poets
Falconer.png Falconer 72 +1 +20 Opinion with other Falconers

Personality[edit]

Personality traits appear during childhood, but may also be gained or lost by events later in life.

Male Christians with at least 8 Martial and 25 Piety who are Humble Humble.png, Diligent Diligent.png, and Brave Brave.png but do not have any of the Seven Deadly Sins or Cynical, are considered true knights of Christendom.

The seven heavenly virtues[edit]

ID Diplomacy Martial Stewardship Intrigue Learning Fertility Sex opinion Vassal opinion Church opinion AI Effects Other
Chaste.png Chaste 74 -15% +10 Zeal +10 Muslims cannot be chaste Chaste.png

+0.5 Piety/month
-10 Opinion towards opposite: Lustful Lustful.png

Temperate.png Temperate 76 +2 +10 Greed -20

Zeal +10

+10 Opinion with other Temperate Temperate.png characters

-10 Opinion towards opposite: Gluttonous Gluttonous.png

Charitable.png Charitable 78 +3 +10 Honor +10

Ambition -15
Greed -100
Zeal +10

+10 Opinion with other Charitable Charitable.png characters

-10 Opinion towards opposite: Greedy Greedy.png

Diligent.png Diligent 80 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +10 Greed -10

Zeal +10

+10 Opinion with other Diligent Diligent.png characters

-10 Opinion towards opposite: Slothful Slothful.png

Kind.png Kind 82 +2 -2 +10 Honor +10 +10 Opinion with other Kind Kind.png characters

-10 Opinion towards opposites: Envious Envious.png and Cruel Cruel.png

Patient.png Patient 84 +1 +1 +1 +1 Rationality +10 -10 Opinion towards opposite: Wroth Wroth.png

Defense +20%

Humble.png Humble 86 Ambition -10 +1 Piety/month

+10 Opinion with other Humble Humble.png characters
-10 Opinion towards opposite: Proud Proud.png

The seven deadly sins[edit]

ID Diplomacy Martial Stewardship Intrigue Learning Fertility Sex opinion Vassal opinion Church opinion AI Effects Other
Lustful.png Lustful 73 +20% -10 Greed +20

Zeal -10

-0.25 Piety/month

Opposite: Chaste Chaste.png

Gluttonous.png Gluttonous 75 -2 -15 -10 Greed +20

Zeal -10

+5 Opinion with other Gluttonous Gluttonous.png characters

Opposite: Temperate Temperate.png

Greedy.png Greedy 77 -1 Honor -10

Ambition +15
Greed +100

+10% Global Taxes

Opposite: Charitable Charitable.png

Slothful.png Slothful 79 -1 -1 -1 -1 -1 -10 Ambition -10

Greed +10
Zeal -10

Opposite: Diligent Diligent.png

Allows Hesitant Commander

Envious.png Envious 81 -1 +2 Honor -10 -15 Opinion towards Liege

Opposite: Kind Kind.png

Wroth.png Wroth 83 -1 +3 -1 Rationality -10

Honor -5

Opposite: Patient Patient.png

Allows Reckless Charge

Proud.png Proud 85 Ambition +10 +0.5 Prestige/month

Opposite: Humble Humble.png

Other[edit]

ID Diplomacy Martial Stewardship Intrigue Learning Sex opinion Vassal opinion Church opinion AI Effects Other
Deceitful.png Deceitful 87 -2 +3 Honor -25 -10 Opinion towards Honest Honest.png characters
Honest.png Honest 88 +3 -2 Honor +25 +10 Opinion with other Honest Honest.png characters

-10 Opinion towards Deceitful Deceitful.png characters

Craven.png Craven 89 -2 -5 Morale Defense -20%

Opposite: Brave Brave.png
Allows Timid Advance

Brave.png Brave 90 +2 +10 +10 Opinion with other Brave Brave.png characters

-10 Opinion towards Craven Craven.png characters
Morale Defense +10%
Allows Heroic Countercharge

Shy.png Shy 91 -2 Opposite: Gregarious Gregarious.png

Allows Hesitant Commander

Gregarious.png Gregarious 92 +2 +5 +5 +5 Opinion with other Gregarious Gregarious.png characters

Opposite: Shy Shy.png

Ambitious.png Ambitious 93 +2 +2 +2 +2 +2 Ambition +40

Zeal +10

-50 Opinion towards characters they want something from

-5 Opinion with other Ambitious Ambitious.png characters
Opposite: Content Content.png

Content.png Content 94 -1 Ambition -40

Zeal -10

+0.5 Piety/month

+50 Opinion towards Liege
Content characters are ineligible for most plots
Opposite: Ambitious Ambitious.png

Arbitrary.png Arbitrary 95 -2 -1 -10 Rationality -20

Honor -10
Zeal -10

Opposite: Just Just.png
Just.png Just 96 +2 +1 +10 Rationality +20

Honor +10
Zeal +10

+10 Opinion with other Just Just.png characters

-10 Opinion towards Arbitrary Arbitrary.png characters

Cynical.png Cynical 97 +2 -5 Rationality +10

Zeal -100

-0.2 Piety/month

+10 Opinion with other Cynical Cynical.png characters
-10 Opinion towards Zealous Zealous.png characters

Zealous.png Zealous 98 +2 +10 Rationality -10

Zeal +100

+1 Piety/month

+30 Opinion with other Zealous Zealous.png characters of same religion
-10 Opinion towards opposites: Cynical Cynical.png or sympathy for other religions Sympathy Christendom.png Sympathy Islam.png Sympathy Pagans.png Sympathy Zoroastrianism.png Sympathy Judaism.png Sympathy indian.png
-50 Opinion towards Infidels

Paranoid.png Paranoid 99 -1 +2 Honor -10 Opposite: Trusting Trusting.png
Trusting.png Trusting 100 +1 -2 Honor +10 Opposite: Paranoid Paranoid.png
Cruel.png Cruel 101 -1 +1 -10 Honor -10

Greed +10

Morale Offense +10%.

Opposite: Kind Kind.png
Allows Charging Own Skirmishers

Leadership[edit]

Leadership traits are gained by characters with Martial education, or through events triggered after a battle in which the character was a leader. Skilled tactician Skilled tactician.png grants one trait, while Brilliant strategist Brilliant strategist.png grants two.

They are used by commanders during combat to determine casualties and morale. A high martial skill enhances a character's bonuses and mitigates the penalties of leadership traits.

ID Unit type Casualties Morale Terrain Misc.
Light foot leader.png Light Foot Leader 102 Light infantry: +20%

Heavy Infantry: -10%

Heavy infantry leader.png Heavy Infantry Leader 103 Heavy infantry: +20%

Cavalry: -10%

Cavalry leader.png Cavalry Leader 104 Light infantry: -10%

Cavalry: +20%

Allows Heroic Countercharge
Inspiring leader.png Inspiring Leader 105 Damage: +10% Center: +10%

Allows Inspired Defense

Trickster.png Trickster 106 Defense: -20% Damage: +10% Allows Clever Ambush
Organizer.png Organizer 107 Speed: +20%

Retreat: +10%
Allows Timid Advance

Defensive leader.png Defensive Leader 108 Damage: -20%

Defense: +10%

Allows Inspired Defense
Experimenter.png Experimenter 109 Random: -30% to +30%
Flanker.png Flanker 110 Flank: +20%

Center: -20%

Aggressive leader.png Aggressive Leader 111 Damage: +10%

Defense: -20%

Pursue: +10%

Allows Heroic Countercharge and Reckless Charge

Siege leader.png

Siege Leader 112 Siege time: -40%
Flat terrain leader.png Flat Terrain Leader 126 Plains: +20%

Farmlands: +20%
Steppe: +20%

Rough terrain leader.png Rough Terrain Leader 127 Forest: +20%

Hills: +20%

Mountain terrain leader.png Mountain Terrain Leader 128 Mountains: +20%
Desert terrain leader.png Desert Terrain Leader 129 Desert: +20%
Holy warrior.png Holy Warrior 130 Damage: -10% Defense: +10% Religious enemy: +30%
Unyielding leader.png Unyielding Leader 131 Defense: +20% Damage: +10%
Narrow flank leader.png Narrow Flank Leader 158 Narrow flank: +50%
War elephant leader.png War Elephant Leader War elephants: +20% Damage: +20%
Jungle terrain leader.png Jungle Terrain Leader Jungle: +20%

Religion[edit]

Christian[edit]

These traits are exclusive to Christians.

ID Diplomacy Martial Same religion opinion Same trait opinion Church opinion Piety/Month Other
Pilgrim.png On pilgrimage 143 +10 +0.20 Gained during the Pilgrimage chain of events.
Pilgrim.png Pilgrim 119 +10 +0.10 Gained by completing the Pilgrimage chain of events.
Crusader.png Crusader 40 +2 +25 +30 Gained by reaching the crusade target kingdom.

AI Zeal +10

Excommunicated.png Excommunicated 45 -5 -30 -30 See excommunication
Monk.png Monk 141 +10 +0.30 Cannot marry, cannot inherit.
Nun.png Nun 142 +10 +0.30 Cannot marry, cannot inherit.
Bad priest christian.png Wicked Priest 152 -20 -1.00

Muslim[edit]

These traits are exclusive to Muslims, except for Sayyid and Mirza, which are "genetic".

ID Learning Martial Stewardship Same religion opinion Same trait opinion Church opinion Piety/Month Other
Mujahid.png Mujahid 113 +2 +10 +30 Gained by reaching the Jihad target kingdom.

AI Zeal +10
Muslim equivalent of Crusader Crusader.png.

Hajjaj.png Hajjaj 114 +2 +10 +0.10
On hajj.png On Hajj 115 +20 +0.20 Granted during a Hajj, and replaced by Hajjaj Hajjaj.png afterwards
Faqih.png Faqih 116 Vassal opinion +10

Exclusive with other lifestyle traits.

Hafiz.png Hafiz 117 +5
Sayyid.png Sayyid 118 +10 Sayyids are the children of Sayyid Sayyid.png fathers
Mirza.png Mirza 120 +5 Mirzas are the children of Sayyid Sayyid.png mothers
Mutazilite.png Mutazilite 145 +5 +25 Opposed to Ashari Ashari.png (-50 opinion).
Ashari.png Ashari 146 +25 +0.10 Prevents decadence.

Opposed to Mutazilite Mutazilite.png (-50 opinion).

Bad priest muslim.png Wicked Caliph 153 -20 -1.00
Decadent.png Decadent Causes character to generate decadence.

Opposed to Zealous.png Zealous.

Pagan[edit]

These traits are exclusive to Pagans.

ID Diplomacy Martial Same religion opinion Same trait opinion Church opinion Piety/Month Other
Bad priest norse.png Unworthy Priest 154 -20 -1.00
Bad priest tengri.png Unworthy Priest 155 -20 -1.00

Zoroastrian[edit]

These traits are exclusive to Zoroastrians.

ID Diplomacy Martial Same religion opinion Same trait opinion Church opinion Piety/Month Other
Saoshyant.png Saoshyant 138 +20 Given to the restorer of the Persian Empire
Saoshyant descendant.png Saoshyant descendant 139 +10 Automatic for all descendants of the Saoshyant
Bad priest zoroastrian.png Immoral Priest 156 -20 -1.00

Aztec[edit]

These traits are exclusive to Aztecs.

ID Diplomacy Martial Same religion opinion Same trait opinion Church opinion Piety/Month Other
Bad priest aztec.png Unworthy Priest 157 -20 -1.00

Misc[edit]

ID Other
Sympathy Christendom.png Sympathy for Christendom 147 Tolerates Christians
Sympathy Islam.png Sympathy for Islam 148 Tolerates Muslims
Sympathy Pagans.png Sympathy for Pagans 149 Tolerates Pagans
Sympathy Zoroastrianism.png Sympathy for Zoroastrianism 150 Tolerates Zoroastrians
Sympathy Judaism.png Sympathy for Judaism 151 Tolerates Jews
Sympathy indian.png Sympathy for Indians Tolerates Indians

Special[edit]

These traits are gained through special actions or circumstances.

ID Diplomacy Martial Fertility Sex opinion Vassal opinion Church opinion Notes
Bastard.png Bastard 41 -1 Automatically gained at birth by illegitimate children. Prevents being a normal heir.
Twin.png Twin 42 +30 Opinion with fellow twin.
Legitimized bastard.png Legitimized Bastard 43 -1 Gained through sire's event choice. Allows for normal inheritance.
Pregnant.png Pregnant 44 +25 Opinion from spouse
Kinslayer.png Kinslayer 46 -3 -25 Opinion from dynasty members

Gained when executing family members or when discovered assassinating them. Muslims get no penalty for killing siblings or cousins. If in good relation with the pope a special event can remove the Kinslayers trait if you pay him a certain amount of gold.

Homosexual.png Homosexual 47 -15% +30 (other homosexuals of same gender) -10

Sex effects are "flipped" - that is, if character A is attractive and male, and character B is homosexual and male, opinion bonus will be applied. If character A is instead female, the bonus will not be applied.

Eunuch.png Eunuch 122 -5000% -20

Cannot marry
Cannot inherit
Cannot be given landed titles
Inflicted upon prisoners by decision (Greek cultures only)
The Byzantine Emperor occasionally gets an event that gives him a parakoimomenos, a eunuch with (usually) one very good attribute.

Blinded.png Blinded 123 -6 -10 -2 Stewardship

-2 Intrigue
-1 Health
Inflicted upon prisoners by decision (Greek cultures only)

Born in the purple.png Born in the Purple 124 +10 +0.5 monthly prestige

Given to children born to a Byzantine Emperor during their reign.
Takes precedence in inheritance over siblings born before the emperor's reign.

Augustus.png Augustus 125 +15 +0.5 monthly prestige

Automatic trait for the emperor of the restored Roman Empire

Child of consort.png Child of concubine 133 -1 For characters born to a Pagan or Zoroastrian ruler's consort. Can inherit.
Peasant leader.png Peasant Leader 134 -5 -20 For randomly-generated leaders of peasant revolts.

+50 with other peasant leaders

Heresiarch.png Heresiarch 135

For randomly-generated leaders of heretic revolts.
+30 to same religion, -50 to parent religion

Berserker.png Berserker 136 -2 +4

Norse pagans may acquire trait through battle event
+20 from other Berserkers. -5 AI rationality.

Varangian.png Varangian 137 +1 +2

North Germanic characters get trait through event chain
+10 from other Varangians

Viking.png Viking 140 +1

Norse pagans gain through event while raiding
+0.3 Prestige/month, +15 from other Norse, +10 from other Vikings

Reincarnation.png Reincarnation

Character is seen as a reincarnation of another character

See also[edit]

Characters
Personal attributes
AttributesTraitsPietyPrestigeCultureReligionDynastyNicknamesOpinion
Other