Religion

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Religion in 1066

Every character in the game follows a religion, and this has a major impact on their relations with other characters. Characters may convert to another religion in some cases.

Relations[edit]

If characters are of different religions, they'll get a large opinion penalty towards one another:

Name Criteria Opinion Example
Religious Differences Different religions of the same religious groups -10 Catholic Catholic.png vs Orthodox Orthodox.png
Heretic Different religion within the same religious sub-group -35 Catholic Catholic.png vs a Catholic Heresy Catholic Heresy.png
Infidel Different religion group -30 Catholic Catholic.png vs Sunni Sunni.png
Zealous Zealous.png Anyone of different religion -50 Stacks with standard penalty

This penalty is reduced by the Tolerance technology in the capital of each character, -10% per technology level.

Holy wars[edit]

Main article: Casus Belli#Religious CBs

Religion also provides various Casus Belli, most notably holy war and Crusades, though this varies from religion to religion - both are unavailable to unreformed pagans for example. Sword of Islam also introduced two new Casus Belli specifically for Muslims.

Religious Head[edit]

Main article: Religious head

Religion also affects what powers the religious head has; unreformed Pagan religions for example have no Religious Head, while a Christian Religious head can excommunicate characters, which is impossible for Muslims and Pagans.

Pagan religions may gain a religious head and a Great Holy War (Crusade CB) if they reform. They then become the "Reformed" version. The version without a religious head and Great Holy War becomes a heresy and is called the "Old" version of the religion.

Moral Authority[edit]

Main article: Moral authority

Each religion has a moral authority, determined by the actions of its followers. It defines the power of the religion, and impacts the chances of heresies.

List of Religions[edit]

Parent Religions[edit]

Religion Group Head Holy Sites Holy Sites Maps Mechanics Special CBs Religion modifier.png Unit modifiers
Catholic.png Catholic Christian The Papacy

Rome
Santiago
Köln
Jerusalem
Canterbury

Hscatholic.png Excommunication, College of Cardinals, Investiture, Antipope, Pilgrimage Holy war, Crusades, Sanctioned Invasion
Orthodox.png Orthodox Christian The Ecumenical Patriarchate

Constantinople (Thrace)
Jerusalem
Antioch
Lebedos (Ephesos, Samos)
Piraeaus (Atheniai, Athens)

Hsorthodox.png Autocephaly, Excommunication, Mending the Great Schism, Pilgrimage Holy war, Sanctioned Invasion
Miaphysite.png Miaphysite Christian The Coptic Papacy

Alexandria
Aksum (Axum)
Antioch
Jerusalem
Ghazali (Makuria, Nubia)

Hsmiaphysite.png Autocephaly, Excommunication, Pilgrimage Holy war, Sanctioned Invasion
Nestorian.png Nestorian Christian The Patriarchate in the East

Alexandria
Antioch
Baghdad
Jerusalem
Roudehen (Rayy)

Hsnestorian.png Autocephaly, Excommunication, Pilgrimage Holy war, Sanctioned Invasion
Sunni.png Sunni Muslim The Sunni Caliphate

Mecca (Medina)
Medina
Jerusalem
Baghdad
Cordoba

Hssunni.png Decadence, Polygamy, Hajj Holy war (also vs non-Sunni, non-heretic Muslims), Muslim Invasion, County Conquest, Jihads, Caliphal Subjugation
Shiite.png Shia Muslim The Shia Caliphate

Mecca (Medina)
Medina
Jerusalem
Nadjaf (Al Nadjaf, Tigris)
Damascus

Hsshiite.png Decadence, Polygamy, Hajj Holy war (also vs non-Shia, non-heretic Muslims), Muslim Invasion, County Conquest, Jihads, Caliphal Subjugation
Judaism.png Judaism Jewish None (Kohen Gadol once the Kingdom of Israel is restored)

Jerusalem
Damascus
Sinai
Salahah (Dhofar, Oman)
Hamadan

Hsjuif.png Holy war, Great holy wars, Sanctioned Invasion
Zoroastrian.png Zoroastrian Zoroastrian None (Zoroastrian Church once the Persian Empire is retaken)

Jajarm (Nishapur, Khorasan)
Nok (Sistan, Hormuz)
Kakhesas (Fars)
Takht-e Soleyman (Oromieh, Tabriz)
Tahkt-i-Sangin (Balkh, Samarkand)

Hszoroastrian.png Divine blood, Concubinage Holy war, Great holy wars, Sanctioned Invasion
Hindu.png Hinduism Indian (Dharmic) None Mahakaleshwar (Ujjayini)

Dwarakadheesh (Dvaraka)
Krishnajanmabhoomi (Mathura)
Ram Janmabhoomi (Ayodhya)
Varanasi (Varanasi)

Hshindu.png Raiding, Caste System,Patron Gods, Concubinage, Sects Holy war, Indian Subjugation +30% Morale
Buddhist.png Buddhism Indian (Dharmic) None Ellora (Devagiri)

Sanchi (Vidisa)
Sarnath (Varadasi)
Gaya (Gaya)
Oddiyana (Udabhanda)

Hsbuddhist.png Learning bonus, Sects, Concubinage, can designate heir, no penalty for female rulers, no short reign penalty Holy war (targets single county), Indian Subjugation
Jain.png Jainism Indian (Dharmic) None Girnar (Bhumilka)

Vadnagar (Sarasvata Mandala)
Bhillamala (Godwad)
Shravanabelagola (Srirangapatna)
Rajrappa (Rajrappa)

Hsjain.png Increased demense, Sects, vassal opinion bonus, piety bonus while at peace, can designate heir, Concubinage, no short reign penalty Indian Subjugation
Norse.png Norse Pagan None

Tholen (Zeeland, Holland)
Paderborn (Braunschweig, Brunswick)
Uppsala (Uppland)
Hleidra (Sjaelland)
Maere (Naumadal, Trondelag)

Hsnorse.png

Looting, river movement, Concubinage, Reformation, female temple holders, defensive attrition, 250% short reign penalty, prestige loss while at peace, no penalty from raised vassal levies County Conquest, Subjugation, Prepared Invasion Levy size +30%

Retinue size +50%

Reformed Norse.png Reformed Norse Pagan The Fylkirate Looting, river movement, Concubinage, female temple holders, 150% short reign penalty Holy war (costs 100 piety with 5 year truce), County Conquest, Prepared invasion, Great holy wars Levy size +30%
Slavic.png Slavic Pagan None

Tikhvin (Novgorod)
Yuriev (Kiev)
Pruszkow (Plock, Mazovia)
Husi (Birlad, Moldau)
Arkona (Rugen, Mecklemburg)

Hsslav.png

Looting, Concubinage, Reformation, female temple holders, defensive attrition, 200% short reign penalty County Conquest, Subjugation Levy size +10%

Garrison size +30%

Home territory:
All Units Defensive +80%
Garrison size +40%

Reformed Slavic.png Reformed Slavic Pagan The Slavic Church Looting, Concubinage, female temple holders Holy war (costs 100 piety with 5 year truce), County Conquest, Great holy wars Levy size +20%

Garrison size +20%

Home territory:
All Units Defensive +80%
Garrison size +40%

Tengri.png Tengri Pagan None

Sasqsin (Itil)
Isilkul (Omsk, Aktobe)
Aqmescit (Crimea)
Kyzylorda (Turkestan)
Vac (Pest)

Hstengri.png

Looting, Concubinage, Reformation, 150% short reign penalty, prestige loss while at peace, no penalty from raised vassal levies County Conquest, Subjugation, Tribal Invasion Levy size +30%

Light Cav Offensive +30%
Light Cav Defensive +30%

Reformed Tengri.png Reformed Tengri Pagan The Tengri Church Looting, Concubinage, Great holy wars Holy war (costs 100 piety with 5 year truce), County Conquest, Tribal Invasion, Great holy wars
Romuva.png Romuva Pagan None

Arkona (Rugen, Mecklemburg)
Brisen (Chelminskie, Prussia)
Sejny(Podlasie, Grodno)
Riga (Zemigalians, Courland)
Pochep (Bryansk, Novgorod-Seversk)

Hsromuva.png

Looting, Concubinage, Reformation, female temple holders, defensive attrition, 200% short reign penalty County Conquest, Subjugation Levy size +10%

Garrison size +30%

Home territory:
All Units Defensive +80%
Garrison size +40%

Reformed Romuva.png Reformed Romuva Pagan The Romuva Church Looting, Concubinage, female temple holders Holy war (costs 100 piety with 5 year truce), County Conquest, Great holy wars Levy size +20%

Garrison size +20%

Home territory:
All Units Defensive +80%
Garrison size +40%

Suomenusko.png Suomenusko Pagan None

Perm
Solotcha (Ryazan)
Tikhvin (Novgorod)
Hiiumaa (Osel, Livonia)
Raviola (Kexholm, Karelia)

Hssuomenusko.png

Looting, Concubinage, Reformation, female temple holders, defensive attrition, 200% short reign penalty County Conquest, Subjugation Garrison size +40%


Home territory:
All Units Defensive +80%
Garrison size +40%

Reformed Suomenusko.png Reformed Suomenusko Pagan The Suomenusko Church Looting, Concubinage, female temple holders Holy war (costs 100 piety with 5 year truce), County Conquest, Great holy wars Levy size +10%

Garrison size +30%

Home territory:
All Units Defensive +80%
Garrison size +40%

West African.png West African Pagan None

Salam (Timbuktu)
Bamako (Mali)
Sidi Rahhal (Marrakech)
Bordj (Atlas Mnt, Alger)
Siliana (Medjerda, Tunis)

Hswestafrican.png

Looting, Concubinage, Reformation, female temple holders County Conquest, Subjugation Garrison size +40%


Home territory:
All Units Defensive +80%
Garrison size +40%

Reformed West African.png Reformed West African Pagan The West African Church Looting, Concubinage, Great holy wars, female temple holders Holy war (costs 100 piety with 5 year truce), County Conquest, Great holy wars
Aztec.png Aztec Pagan None

Rome
St Denis (Paris, Valois)
Cordoba
Sidi Rahhal (Marrakesh)
London

Hsaztec.png

Concubinage, prestige loss while at peace, no penalty from raised vassal levies County Conquest, Tribal Invasion Levy size +30%
Reformed Aztec.png Reformed Aztec Pagan The Aztec Church Concubinage Holy war (costs 100 piety with 5 year truce), County Conquest, Tribal Invasion, Great holy wars
Pagan.png Pagan Pagan None

Rome (Latium)
Vastergotland
Mecca
Jerusalem
Ghana

Hspagan.png Concubinage, defensive attrition County Conquest, Subjugation
Hellenic.png Hellenic Pagan None

Abydos
Thessalonica
Athens
Rome (Latium)
Alexandria

Hshellenic.png Pre-reformed, Concubinage, female temple holders Holy war(?), County Conquest, Subjugation
Zunist Pagan None

Baghdad
Bost
Cairo
Kabul
Multan

Reformation Subjugation Unknown

Notes:

  • For holy sites, the county and/or duchy is indicated only if different from temple holding name.
  • The Hellenic and (generic) Pagan religions appear for characters in the history files, representing (for Hellenism) the pre-Christian Roman emperors and (for Paganism) pre-Christian Irish and pre-Islamic Arabs, among others. They cannot normally appear in game (Except one Arabian woman in 867), but a character with these religions can be made in the Ruler Designer.
  • Catholicism and all Catholic Heresies become orthodox heresies if the great Schism is mended. This does not affect the Miaphysite or Nestorian denominations.
  • The Zunist religion was announced as a new religion to be added in the upcoming Charlemagne DLC, and was showcased during a developer stream, though little has been revealed about the religions mechanics as of yet.

Heresies[edit]

All religions with a parent religion are heresies. Since Patch 2.0, if an heresy becomes more prevalent than the parent religion (5 provinces more), it will become the new orthodoxy, and the parent religion will become an heresy. (DLC feature from Sons of Abraham)

Religion Parent Group Head Mechanics Special CBs
Catholic Heresy.png Cathar Catholicism Christianity None Absolute Cognatic succession; female temple holders,councillors and commanders
Catholic Heresy.png Fraticelli Catholicism Christianity Fraticelli Pope (once established) Excommunication, College of Cardinals, Investiture, Antipope, Crusades As Catholic
Catholic Heresy.png Waldensian Catholicism Christianity None
Catholic Heresy.png Lollard Catholicism Christianity None
Miaphysite Heresy.png Monophysite Miaphysite Christianity The Monophysite Papacy Autocephaly, Excommunication As Orthodox
Nestorian Heresy.png Messalian Nestorian Christianity None Absolute Cognatic succession; Divine blood, female temple holders
Orthodox Heresy.png Bogomilist Orthodoxy Christianity None Female temple holders
Orthodox Heresy.png Monothelite Orthodoxy Christianity The Monothelite Partriarchate Autocephaly, Excommunication, Mending the Great Schism As Orthodox
Orthodox Heresy.png Iconoclast Orthodoxy Christianity The Iconoclast Patriachate (once established) Autocephaly, Excommunication, Mending the Great Schism As Orthodox
Orthodox Heresy.png Paulician Orthodoxy Christianity The Paulician Patriarchate (once established) Autocephaly, Excommunication, Mending the Great Schism As Orthodox
Sunni Heresy.png Zikri Sunni Islam None Decadence, Polygamy Muslim Invasion, County Conquest
Sunni Heresy.png Yazidi Sunni Islam The Yazidi Sheikhdom (once established) Decadence, Polygamy, Excommunication Muslim Invasion, County Conquest
Sunni Heresy.png Ibadi Sunni Islam The Ibadi Caliphate (once established) Decadence, Polygamy As Sunni
Shiite Heresy.png Druze Shia Islam None Decadence, Polygamy Muslim Invasion, County Conquest
Shiite Heresy.png Hurufi Shia Islam The Hurufi Skeikhdom [sic] (once established) Decadence, Polygamy Muslim Invasion, County Conquest
Zoroastrian Heresy.png Mazdaki Zoroastrian Zoroastrian None
Zoroastrian Heresy.png Manichaean Zoroastrian Zoroastrian None
Judaism Heresy.png Samaritan Judaism Jewish None
Judaism Heresy.png Karaite Judaism Jewish None
Reformed Norse Heresy.png Old Norse (Reformed) Norse Pagan None Same as Norse Same as Norse
Reformed Slavic Heresy.png Old Slavic (Reformed) Slavic Pagan None Same as Slavic Same as Slavic
Reformed Tengri Heresy.png Old Tengri (Reformed) Tengri Pagan None Same as Tengri Same as Tengri
Reformed Romuva Heresy.png Old Romuva (Reformed) Romuva Pagan None Same as Romuva Same as Romuva
Reformed Suomenusko Heresy.png Old Suomenusko (Reformed) Suomenusko Pagan None Same as Suomenusko Same as Suomenusko
Reformed West African Heresy.png Old West African (Reformed) West African Pagan None Same as West African Same as West African
Reformed Aztec Heresy.png Old Aztec (Reformed) Aztec Pagan None Same as Aztec Same as Aztec

Christian religion (typically, but not necessarily, Orthodox) is also required for the special Imperial Reconquest CB. Additionally, the Tribal Invasion CB can be used by any non-Christians of appropriate culture.

When a pagan religion is reformed, anyone following it gets an event to decide whether to accept the reformation. If they don't, they become the "Old" version, which is considered a heresy. The reformed version keeps the name of the pre-reformation religion.

Likewise, if an Orthodox ruler mends the Great Schism, Catholic rulers get an event to decide whether to convert to Orthodoxy (or the "heresy"). Either way, Catholicism is thereafter treated as an Orthodox heresy, and all the Catholic heresies become Orthodox heresies instead. Orthodox Heresies can also mend the Great Schism if they manage to replace Orthodoxy as the parent religion.

See also[edit]

Religion